Allergies and pollinosis nasi2024-04-15T08:59:10+02:00

Allergies and pollinosis nasi

What are the symptoms of allergies?

Some affected allergy sufferers experience these symptoms all year round.

Symptoms that can be caused by allergies are itchy eyes, runny nose, nasal pressure, nasal congestion and, in isolated cases, headaches. Some people experience changes in hearing, sore throats, hoarseness and coughing. Less common are symptoms such as swelling of the face or throat, skin irritation or even breathing problems and asthma.

Some affected allergy sufferers experience these symptoms all year round. For others, the attacks are seasonal. The most successful way to get the symptoms under control is to use several treatment options simultaneously. This includes avoiding the allergens, treating the symptoms with medication and desensitization/immunization by injecting allergens.

How can allergies develop?

Allergies are rarely life-threatening, but they are often the cause of lost working days, reduced efficiency at work and a lower quality of life. Allergy sufferers often develop sinus or respiratory tract infections if symptoms are not controlled. If you consider the total amount of money spent on medication to combat allergies or the money lost due to lost working hours, allergies cannot exactly be brushed aside as a minor problem. Allergic rhinitis used to be known as hay fever because field workers would get sniffles and suffer from nasal and sinus congestion. Hay fever, asthma and skin symptoms are the most common symptoms of an allergic reaction. Allergic symptoms occur when the body’s immune system reacts to a foreign body as if it were a dangerous intruder – called an antigen or allergen. It reacts by sending certain protectors – called antibodies – to the site of entry of the foreign body. The battle between allergen and antibody results in the release of chemical messengers, such as histamines, into the bloodstream. These chemical messengers cause changes in the body that result in the symptoms we feel.

What can cause an allergic reaction?

Due to their chemical composition, some substances are more likely to trigger an allergy in humans. Pollen, food, mold, dust, feathers, animal dander, chemicals, medications such as penicillin as well as pollutants in the air cause allergic reactions in many people. Hay fever is caused by pollen. This is why the disease is also called pollinosis. At the beginning of spring, hay fever is often caused by pollen from trees such as elm, field maple, birch, poplar, beech, ash, oak, walnut, sycamore, cypress and alder. Some allergens are always there. These include house dust, pet dander, food, wool, various household chemicals and many more. The symptoms caused by these substances are particularly pronounced in winter, when the house is usually closed. Mold spores cause at least as many allergy problems as pollen. Mold is present all year round, and it grows both outside and inside the house. Dead leaves and farm areas are common sources of outdoor mold. Potted plants, old books, bathrooms and areas with a lot of steam are the most common places where mold develops in the home. Mold is also often found in foods such as cheese or fermented drinks. Colorful or fragrant flowering plants rarely cause allergies because their pollen is too heavy to be carried by the air.

Which medications are used?

A certain number of medications are proving to be very useful in the treatment of allergies. These include antihistamines, sprays that reduce swelling in the nose, steroid sprays and saline sprays. The medical management of allergies also includes advice on the correct way to deal with the environment. Based on a detailed medical history and examinations, your doctor would be able to order tests to determine which substances you are allergic to. If you have a cold, a runny or blocked nose or itchy eyes, antihistamines can be useful. Possible side effects of antihistamines are drowsiness, tiredness or dryness in the mouth and nose. If the nose is blocked, decongestant medication can help. Side effects may include a racing heart or insomnia.

The treatments used by the ear, nose and throat specialist depend on the substances you are allergic to and the severity of the allergic reaction. The only “cure” available for allergies caused by inhalation are injections that lead to the production of protective antibodies against specific allergens (pollen, molds, animal dander, dust, etc.). Your doctor will monitor your progress and treat any other nasal and sinus problems that may be responsible for your symptoms.

What can you do to prevent allergies yourself?

Close doors and windows during pollen seasons. Clear your house of potted plants and other nesting places for mold. The Ficus benjamini plant in particular is unfavorable for allergy sufferers. Do not allow animals that shed dander into your home (especially cats, dogs, etc.). Swap feather pillows, woolen blankets and woolen clothing for cotton or synthetic materials. Seal mattresses, sheets and pillows in plastic wrap. Only take antihistamines and decongestants in the prescribed amounts. In general, follow good healthy habits such as daily exercise, stop smoking, avoid air pollution, eat a balanced diet, take extra vitamins, especially vitamin C. Consider buying a humidifier in winter. Dry, warm air in closed rooms bothers many allergy sufferers. Do not forget to clean the humidifier regularly.

How can you help?

Medication can be a great help if used correctly. Immunotherapy is the only treatment method that can provide lasting relief or even a cure for allergies. However, before you start injecting, you should undergo an allergy test. Drug treatment should be carried out in consultation with your ear, nose and throat specialist.

Other diseases or treatments in the nose area

Functional diagnostics of the nose
Nosebleeds – symptoms and treatment

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Frequently asked questions

Here we answer the most frequently asked questions

Which medications have dry mouth as a side effect?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

High blood pressure medication, antidepressants and opioids can lead to
lead to dry mouth. However, dry mouth can also be caused by
medication can be strengthened.

What symptoms can occur when the mouth is dry?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

The flow of saliva is important for the mucous membranes of the mouth
and throat. If too little saliva is produced, this can lead to noticeable and
disturbing changes in the oral mucosa: Taste disturbances,
Changes in speech, dry mouth, burning tongue, dry mouth
Lips, bad breath and difficulty swallowing.

What is the cause of a cholesteatoma?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

A cholesteatoma is often caused by an inflammation of the middle ear or a malfunction of the Eustachian tube. This usually results in negative pressure in the middle ear. A so-called epitympanal retraction of the eardrum can occur.

Normally, the Eustachian tube conducts air from the back of the nose into the middle ear. This regulates the normal pressure in the middle ear. An allergic reaction, a cold, a cleft lip and palate, radiation or sinusitis can impair the normal function of the Eustachian tube. A vacuum can develop in the middle ear. The vacuum created sucks in parts of the eardrum that have been weakened by inflammation. This can then be the precursor of a cholesteatoma. Very rarely, there are also congenital cholesteatomas. However, the most common cause of cholesteatomas is ear infections.

Can I park in front of the practice?2024-04-15T08:59:13+02:00

Parking spaces are now available free of charge at the HNO-Center Lucerne. Just ask about the new parking facilities behind the practice if you have an appointment during consultation hours. We will be happy to help you.

Are the operations at the practice on Hünenbergstr. carried out?2024-04-15T08:59:09+02:00

In the practice on Hünenbergstr. we have a practice operating theater that we only use for minor procedures. In principle, we perform all surgical procedures either as outpatients at the Villa Eiche Day Clinic or as inpatients at the Obwalden Cantonal Hospital.

What treatment options are there for dry mouth?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

First of all, the exact diagnosis must be determined. When
another disease is the cause of the dry mouth, the first thing to do is to
the other disease can be treated. If you have diabetes mellitus, you must
the blood sugar level must be adjusted first. If there is a
nasal septum curvature is present, then you should consult a specialist for
Ear, nose and throat diseases discussed about a nasal partition correction
become. Drinking plenty of fluids also has a positive effect, as does the
Use of a humidifier. In the case of nicotine consumption, nicotine consumption should also be
be stopped.

How can Sjögren’s syndrome be diagnosed?2024-04-15T08:59:14+02:00

The body produces antibodies that can be detected in the blood. The antibodies against Sjögren’s syndrome can be determined with a blood test.
(SS-A and SS-B antibodies). Through a microscopic examination
a tissue sample taken from the inside of the lips, the specialist for
ear, nose and throat diseases can prove the diagnosis of Sjögren’s syndrome.

What are the causes of dry mouth?2024-04-15T08:59:13+02:00

The causes of dry mouth can vary.
As part of the natural ageing process, the number and quality of
of the saliva-producing cells. Obstructed nasal breathing can also be a
Increase dry mouth. Occasionally, dry mouth is also a
Symptom of another disease. Saliva production may be reduced
for autoimmune diseases, diabetes mellitus, hepatitis C,
Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and HIV. Also hormonal causes (menopause)
or nicotine abuse can lead to a dry mouth. In Sjögren’s syndrome
dry mouth is often accompanied by dry eyes.

What do I do if I have an enlarged thyroid?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

Sometimes nodules can develop in the thyroid gland. The growth
the knot can sometimes be slow or fast. Patients who have a
have undergone radiotherapy in the head or neck area are particularly prone to
to develop thyroid disease. If the nodes are
growth, it is usually advisable to surgically remove the
thyroid gland.

A thyroid dysfunction or a thyroid nodule is called
diagnosed by taking a medical history and performing an examination.
is carried out. In particular, your doctor will examine your throat and
ask you to lift your chin to allow the thyroid gland to protrude more.
During the examination you will be asked to swallow, which will
helps to feel the thyroid gland and the nodules in it. Depending on
If necessary, arrange for further investigations. In most cases, an ultrasound examination
of your neck and thyroid and laboratory tests of the thyroid gland.
blood to check thyroid function. Likewise, a
thyroid scintigraphy with radioactive iodine may be necessary. Your
doctor performs a fine-needle examination of the thyroid gland, an X-ray examination of the
chest or, in rare cases, computerized tomography or MRI examination for
consider necessary

What are the treatment options for snoring?2024-04-15T08:59:14+02:00

Uvulo-palato-pharyngoplasty (UPPP) is a surgical procedure that is used to treat severe snoring caused by sleep apnea. The procedure is based on shortening the loose tissue of the palate, in particular the elongated uvula (uvula of the palate). The aim of the operation is to tighten the soft palate on the one hand and to shorten the soft palate while preserving the natural soft palate muscle (uvulae muscle) on the other. The front of the mucous membrane of the uvula is removed and sutured to the palate in such a way that the uvula is shortened. As a result, the uvula no longer rests on the base of the tongue. This expands the air passage. The procedure is associated with a short inpatient stay of one to three days. In very rare cases, risks may occur during this procedure. These risks include infections, bleeding, impaired wound healing, post-operative bleeding, speech impairment in the form of open nasal passages, dental damage, temporary to permanent difficulty swallowing and the very rare risk of thrombosis (embolism) during an operation under anesthesia. The ability to swallow is restricted for around 14 days after the procedure, as pain may occur. The pain will be easily treatable with medication. Antibiotic treatment is typically not necessary. In addition to these surgical measures, accompanying, non-surgical measures should be considered by the patient. In addition to these measures, it is important to maintain a healthy and sporty lifestyle in order to achieve good muscle tone and reduce weight. Medication that causes drowsiness, such as sedatives, sleeping pills or antihistamines, should no longer be taken at night. Alcohol should also be avoided as a matter of principle. You should also sleep on your side rather than on your back. A slight tilt of the head upwards usually has a positive effect. A normal sleep rhythm is just as beneficial. Alcohol should be avoided about 4 hours before going to bed and heavy meals about 3 hours before.

Are nasal tamponades inserted during nasal surgery?2024-04-15T08:59:08+02:00

In principle, the insertion of nasal tamponades is not necessary when correcting the nasal septum or correcting the outer nose. How long will I be unable to work after a rhinoplasty? In the case of rhinoplasty surgery or correction of the nasal septum, the patient is usually unable to work for around 14 days.