Skin cancer – what do you need to know?2024-04-15T08:59:10+02:00

Skin cancer – what do you need to know?

In skin cancer, malignant cells are typically found in the outer layers of the skin. Older patients in particular are affected by skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form, accounting for around 70 % of all skin cancers. This makes basal cell carcinoma the most frequently diagnosed malignant disease worldwide (Rubin et al, N Engl J Med 2005,353:2262-2269). The distribution of the skin surface shows that around 80% of basal cell carcinomas occur in the head and neck region, 15% on the trunk of the body and around 5% on the arms, legs or other body regions. Spinocellular carcinoma is found in around 20% of cases. The face is also often affected by spinocellular carcinoma, as both skin cancers are mainly triggered by UV light. The UV rays cause DNA damage and gene mutations in the skin cells. Basal cell carcinomas and spinocellular carcinomas grow into the tissue at the respective sites and can destroy the tissue and even cause a disfiguring growth. This is particularly true if the growth occurs near important sensory organs such as the eye, nose or ear. Years of growth without therapy can therefore lead to open wounds with a considerably reduced quality of life. Rarely, i.e. in around 5 % of all skin cancers, melanoma is found. However, this tumor, also known as malignant melanoma, can lead to much more serious complications.

How can skin cancer be diagnosed?

Prevention is the most important measure to avoid skin cancer. Early signs of skin cancer should definitely be observed. Such early signs are Skin changes that do not heal after a longer period of time, a bumpy surface that shows a growth in size and changes in color, size or bleeding tendencies of skin changes. If you notice such a change, it is highly advisable to have an examination carried out. As a rule, it is necessary to take a tissue sample. The removed tissue is examined under a microscope by a specialist. Then you can be told whether you have skin cancer or not.

How common are melanomas?

The frequency of melanoma in Switzerland was investigated by the Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH). In the case of melanoma, which is particularly hazardous to health, the frequency of new cases in Switzerland was found to be 22 per 100,000 inhabitants per year. This means that Switzerland has the highest incidence of new melanoma cases compared to 40 other European countries. Only Australia and New Zealand have a higher incidence of new cases of melanoma. In young adults, melanoma is actually one of the most common types of cancer, as 30% of those affected are under the age of 50. The incidence even seems to be increasing, because according to the Federal Office of Public Health, the incidence has doubled in the last 20 years, especially in women under 50 years of age. Recreational behavior certainly plays an important role as a cause. High exposure to UV rays through sun exposure or sun exposure in winter and summer as well as UV radiation from visiting a solarium are probably important reasons for the increased incidence of melanoma in the last 20 years. According to the FOPH, around 10% of younger Swiss people regularly visit a solarium.

What treatment options are there for skin cancer?

A variety of different treatment options are available. This must be discussed individually with you and the dermatologist. If surgery is necessary, the operation must be performed at a sufficient safety distance in accordance with the current guidelines of the specialist societies. We will advise you individually and competently in order to achieve the best possible results after the operation.

Frequently asked questions

Here we answer the most frequently asked questions

Which medications have dry mouth as a side effect?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

High blood pressure medication, antidepressants and opioids can lead to
lead to dry mouth. However, dry mouth can also be caused by
medication can be strengthened.

What symptoms can occur when the mouth is dry?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

The flow of saliva is important for the mucous membranes of the mouth
and throat. If too little saliva is produced, this can lead to noticeable and
disturbing changes in the oral mucosa: Taste disturbances,
Changes in speech, dry mouth, burning tongue, dry mouth
Lips, bad breath and difficulty swallowing.

What is the cause of a cholesteatoma?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

A cholesteatoma is often caused by an inflammation of the middle ear or a malfunction of the Eustachian tube. This usually results in negative pressure in the middle ear. A so-called epitympanal retraction of the eardrum can occur.

Normally, the Eustachian tube conducts air from the back of the nose into the middle ear. This regulates the normal pressure in the middle ear. An allergic reaction, a cold, a cleft lip and palate, radiation or sinusitis can impair the normal function of the Eustachian tube. A vacuum can develop in the middle ear. The vacuum created sucks in parts of the eardrum that have been weakened by inflammation. This can then be the precursor of a cholesteatoma. Very rarely, there are also congenital cholesteatomas. However, the most common cause of cholesteatomas is ear infections.

Can I park in front of the practice?2024-04-15T08:59:13+02:00

Parking spaces are now available free of charge at the HNO-Center Lucerne. Just ask about the new parking facilities behind the practice if you have an appointment during consultation hours. We will be happy to help you.

Are the operations at the practice on Hünenbergstr. carried out?2024-04-15T08:59:09+02:00

In the practice on Hünenbergstr. we have a practice operating theater that we only use for minor procedures. In principle, we perform all surgical procedures either as outpatients at the Villa Eiche Day Clinic or as inpatients at the Obwalden Cantonal Hospital.

What treatment options are there for dry mouth?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

First of all, the exact diagnosis must be determined. When
another disease is the cause of the dry mouth, the first thing to do is to
the other disease can be treated. If you have diabetes mellitus, you must
the blood sugar level must be adjusted first. If there is a
nasal septum curvature is present, then you should consult a specialist for
Ear, nose and throat diseases discussed about a nasal partition correction
become. Drinking plenty of fluids also has a positive effect, as does the
Use of a humidifier. In the case of nicotine consumption, nicotine consumption should also be
be stopped.

How can Sjögren’s syndrome be diagnosed?2024-04-15T08:59:14+02:00

The body produces antibodies that can be detected in the blood. The antibodies against Sjögren’s syndrome can be determined with a blood test.
(SS-A and SS-B antibodies). Through a microscopic examination
a tissue sample taken from the inside of the lips, the specialist for
ear, nose and throat diseases can prove the diagnosis of Sjögren’s syndrome.

What are the causes of dry mouth?2024-04-15T08:59:13+02:00

The causes of dry mouth can vary.
As part of the natural ageing process, the number and quality of
of the saliva-producing cells. Obstructed nasal breathing can also be a
Increase dry mouth. Occasionally, dry mouth is also a
Symptom of another disease. Saliva production may be reduced
for autoimmune diseases, diabetes mellitus, hepatitis C,
Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and HIV. Also hormonal causes (menopause)
or nicotine abuse can lead to a dry mouth. In Sjögren’s syndrome
dry mouth is often accompanied by dry eyes.

What do I do if I have an enlarged thyroid?2024-04-15T08:59:15+02:00

Sometimes nodules can develop in the thyroid gland. The growth
the knot can sometimes be slow or fast. Patients who have a
have undergone radiotherapy in the head or neck area are particularly prone to
to develop thyroid disease. If the nodes are
growth, it is usually advisable to surgically remove the
thyroid gland.

A thyroid dysfunction or a thyroid nodule is called
diagnosed by taking a medical history and performing an examination.
is carried out. In particular, your doctor will examine your throat and
ask you to lift your chin to allow the thyroid gland to protrude more.
During the examination you will be asked to swallow, which will
helps to feel the thyroid gland and the nodules in it. Depending on
If necessary, arrange for further investigations. In most cases, an ultrasound examination
of your neck and thyroid and laboratory tests of the thyroid gland.
blood to check thyroid function. Likewise, a
thyroid scintigraphy with radioactive iodine may be necessary. Your
doctor performs a fine-needle examination of the thyroid gland, an X-ray examination of the
chest or, in rare cases, computerized tomography or MRI examination for
consider necessary

What are the treatment options for snoring?2024-04-15T08:59:14+02:00

Uvulo-palato-pharyngoplasty (UPPP) is a surgical procedure that is used to treat severe snoring caused by sleep apnea. The procedure is based on shortening the loose tissue of the palate, in particular the elongated uvula (uvula of the palate). The aim of the operation is to tighten the soft palate on the one hand and to shorten the soft palate while preserving the natural soft palate muscle (uvulae muscle) on the other. The front of the mucous membrane of the uvula is removed and sutured to the palate in such a way that the uvula is shortened. As a result, the uvula no longer rests on the base of the tongue. This expands the air passage. The procedure is associated with a short inpatient stay of one to three days. In very rare cases, risks may occur during this procedure. These risks include infections, bleeding, impaired wound healing, post-operative bleeding, speech impairment in the form of open nasal passages, dental damage, temporary to permanent difficulty swallowing and the very rare risk of thrombosis (embolism) during an operation under anesthesia. The ability to swallow is restricted for around 14 days after the procedure, as pain may occur. The pain will be easily treatable with medication. Antibiotic treatment is typically not necessary. In addition to these surgical measures, accompanying, non-surgical measures should be considered by the patient. In addition to these measures, it is important to maintain a healthy and sporty lifestyle in order to achieve good muscle tone and reduce weight. Medication that causes drowsiness, such as sedatives, sleeping pills or antihistamines, should no longer be taken at night. Alcohol should also be avoided as a matter of principle. You should also sleep on your side rather than on your back. A slight tilt of the head upwards usually has a positive effect. A normal sleep rhythm is just as beneficial. Alcohol should be avoided about 4 hours before going to bed and heavy meals about 3 hours before.

Are nasal tamponades inserted during nasal surgery?2024-04-15T08:59:08+02:00

In principle, the insertion of nasal tamponades is not necessary when correcting the nasal septum or correcting the outer nose. How long will I be unable to work after a rhinoplasty? In the case of rhinoplasty surgery or correction of the nasal septum, the patient is usually unable to work for around 14 days.

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